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Machu Picchu, the lost city of the Inca, is one of the most important archaeological sites in South America and the most visited tourist attraction in Peru.
Despite being located close to the Inca capitol of Cusco the site was never discovered by the Spanish during their conquest, consequently it was not destroyed and Believed to have been built by Pachacuti, the ninth Sapa Inca (1438 - 1471 AD), the true purpose of Machu Picchu has never been conclusively determined although it is believed to have been a retreat for the Inca chief and his elite or a secret ceremonial city.
The Aymara share with other ethnic groups some of the Andean myths of origin.
In one of them, the god Tunupa is a creator of the universe.
Millions of Aymara laborers perished in the wretched conditions in the mines.
The Aymara live on high-altitude plains in the Bolivian Andes, on the Lake Titicaca plateau near the border with Peru.
Aymara mythology has many legends about the origin of things, such as the wind, hail, mountains, and lakes.Catholicism was introduced during the colonial period and was adopted by the Aymara, who attend Mass, celebrate baptisms, and follow the Catholic calendar of Christian events.But the content of their many religious festivals shows evidence of their traditional beliefs.The most famous buildings are the Intihuatana, also known as the "The Hitching Post of the Sun" as it was ceremonially used to tie the Sun to the earth each year.The Temple of the Sun, with its semicircular facade built to tie in with the natural rock which allows the sun to cast a shadow through its windows along a stone altar on the winter and summer solstice.
He is also the one that taught the people customs: farming, songs, weaving, the language each group had to speak, and the rules for a moral life.